Performance Photographs from the 1970’s
February 14, 2009 – March 28, 2009
Carolina Nitsch is pleased to present performance photographs from the 1970’s by Carolee Schneemann at Carolina Nitsch Project Room in Chelsea, New York. This exhibition has been organized in collaboration with Elisabeth Ross Wingate on the occasion of several jointly published editions with the artist.
A pioneer of performance art, Schneemann’s multidisciplinary work also includes assemblage,
photography, film, video, and installation, while consistently referring to painting. Schneemann was one of the first artists to use her body to animate the relationship between the lived experience and the imagination. “Prior to Schneemann, the female body in art was mute and functioned almost exclusively as a mirror of masculine desire.” (1)
Schneemann’s work has had a huge influence on multiple generations of younger artists.
“Cindy Sherman, Janine Antoni, Marina Abramovic, Ana Mendieta, Sean Landers and Matthew Barney ... have all worked in a direct historical dialogue (acknowledged or not) with her art” (2). Her leap to the forefront of cultural awareness took place with the seminal performance work MEAT JOY (1964).
The exhibition includes photographs, photo-collages, artist books and various remnants from her performances. Schneemann had foreshadowed feminist concerns already in her 1963 performance EYE BODY, where serpents crawled over her nude body in an evocation of a female goddess and the artist’s own painting constructions served as the tableau’s setting.
Her INTERIOR SCROLL performance from 1975, documented in this show with the complete
sequence of 13 photographs (see reverse) has become iconic to the history of performance art:
Schneemann entered the performance space wrapped in a white sheet and carrying a bucket of mud. After undressing, she ritualistically painted her body and read from her book "Cezanne, She Was a Great Painter". Schneemann then slowly extracted a scroll from her vagina and read a text that was a response to criticism from a male artist accusing her of making messy, female work.
"I thought of the vagina in many ways-- physically, conceptually: as a sculptural form, an
architectural referent, the source of sacred knowledge, ecstasy, birth passage, transformation. I saw the vagina as a translucent chamber of which the serpent was an outward model: enlivened by its passage from the visible to the invisible, a spiraled coil ringed with the shape of desire and generative mysteries, attributes of both female and male sexual powers. This source of ‘interior knowledge’ would be symbolized as the primary index unifying spirit and flesh in Goddess worship.” -Carolee Schneemann
Other works on display include PARALELL AXIS (see above), a central work from Schneemann’s
series of solo actions in landscape, which she described as a physical seeing from within the body (1973); PORTRAIT PARTIALS, an intimate grid of close-up photos of body parts (1970), BLOOD WORK DIARY (1972), 5 panels with menstrual blottings on tissue, and more.